Different Types of Film Sound
Diegetic and non-diegetic sound
- Sound whose source is visible on the screen or whose source is implied to be present by the action of the film:
- voices of characters
- sounds made by objects in the story
- music represented as coming from instruments in the story space
- Diegetic sound is any sound presented as originated from source within the film's world
- Digetic sound can be either on screen or off screen depending on whatever its source is within the frame or outside the frame.
- Sound whose source is neither visible on the screen nor has been implied to be present in the action:
- narrator's commentary
- sound effects which is added for the dramatic effect
- mood music (score)
- Non-diegetic sound is represented as coming from the a source outside story space.
An NPR feature about the music from The Shining (Link Here)
Watch the following clip from the film Zodiac
Is the sound mainly diegetic of non-diegetic? How does the sound influence your experience of the scene?
Watch the following clip from Zodiac
Is the music diegetic or non-diegtic? How does the music influence your experience of the scene?
Watch the following film from Silver Linings Playbook: (some adult content)
Is the music diegetic or non-diegetic? How does the music influence your experience of the scene?
Offscreen Sound: Blair Witch
Since this film was so low budget, they relied on sound design that primarily happened offscreen to create a chilling effect and hint at the fact that there was something other-worldly in the forest.
Even if a sound is meant to be paranormal and couldn't happen in real life, I still count it as diegetic, because the characters in the film can hear it.
Read the article linked here
Points to remember:
Sometimes words have to be separated and it's important to avoid clipping (up-cutting a word). Using the waveform monitor while making edits can be helpful.
Also, a two-frame crossfade can help make an awkward cut sound natural
And go ahead and watch this scene, because you know you want to.
Remember the following points:
Narration works best when woven in with sync sound from a scene
Be careful that background sounds do not become distracting
Ideally, final narration should be recorded in a sound booth to get high-quality clean sound
A leit motif is a recurrent theme throughout a musical or literary composition, associated with a particular person, idea, or situation.
Music can signify the presence of someone or something, because of conventions developed earlier in the film. In Jaws the opening scene begins with a shark attack and the main theme of the film plays during that scene. In the following scene, the audience knows of the presence of the shark, because of the music.