Types of Film Cuts
Below find examples of the many types of cuts we will be talking about.
Achieving continuity editing
Continuity Editing gives the viewer the impression that action unfolds with spatio-temporal consistency and can be Achieved by:
•Getting Coverage (multiple shots—b-roll)
•Cutting on Action
•45 Degree Rule
•180 Degree Rule
Coverage: refers to shooting a scene from a variety of angles and distances so you can edit a scene smoothly, and with interest and emotional power. It's something that the cinematographer and director take care of, but it is all about the process of shooting to edit. Each of these shots need a different setup--meaning the light, the camera, and the arrangement of elements within the frame have to be carefully set up for each different angle.
Cutting on Action:
The important thing to remember is that the last action of the first shot has to be repeated at the beginning of the second shot
You have to shoot the same movement twice all the way through similarly to how you would shoot a basic sequence. You would shoot each angle from beginning to the end of the action.
Obvious situations where editing on the action is convenient
•Getting out of cars
•Reaching for objects
•Starting to walk
•Starting to run